Tuesday, December 22, 2009

Using VirtualBox to install Microsoft Exchange 2003

Using VirtualBox to install Microsoft Exchange 2003



I install two servers running Windows 2003 R2. I download the .ISO image and will boot from that.
I have installed VirtualBox from Sun and created the first Windows 2003 server here. I call it 2K3srv. Setting here are fine for now .
Update using Windows update. I give it a static IP address of 10.0.2.5.
After that I created a domain controller by adding DNS, DHCP, and Active Directory.  Just use the Manage your server wizard.



Installed the second virtual machine (Exch2K3) and ran Windows Update. I gave it a static IP of 10.0.2.6.
I installed a second NIC on each VM so they could see each other. (This is the same with clusters BTW.)
Win2K3 is as follows: IP 10.0.1.1 SN 255.255.255.0 GW 10.0.2.2 DNS 127.0.0.1 2ed DNS 68.94.156.1
Exchange2K3 IP is:  IP 10.0.1.2 SN 255.255.255.0 GW 10.0.2.2 DNS 10.0.1.1 2ed DNS 68.94.156.1
So now the VM’s can ping each other and browse via My Network Places.
Join the second machine to the domain.  My domain name is stardotcafe.com.
On the second machine which will become your Exchange server install the prerequisites for Exchange.

Open Add/Remove Programs control panel
Click Add/Remove Windows Components
Select Application Server and click Details
Click ASP.NET



Double Click Internet Information Services (IIS)
Scroll down and check the box next to NNTP and SMTP


Click OK twice and then click Next. When prompted insert the CDs as requested
Once the install is complete click Finish and close the Add/Remove programs control panel
Exchange install - Forest and Domain Prep
Next insert (mount) the Exchange 2003 CD ISO image



Click Exit on the first page
Once you have the latest Exdelpoy.exe from MS run it. Enter the location to save the files and click "OK"
Next locate and double click the exdeploy.hta file
You are now at the first page of the Exchange deployment tools



Click "Deploy the first Exchange server"
Click "New Exchange 2003 Installation"


The first three steps are all about ensuring the prerequisites are met. Select the checkboxes by steps 1 and 2 as these have already been covered.
Select the checkboxes by steps 1 and 2 as these have already been covered.
For step three ensure the support tools are installed.
Click the box by step three




To perform step four open a CMD prompt (Start, Run, type "CMD", Press "Enter")
In the CMD prompt window type the command below and press enter:
dcdiag /f:c:\dcdiaglog.txt /s:domaincontrollername.domain.com
(for me is was C:\Program Files\Support Tools>dcdiag /f:c:\dcdiaglog.txt /s:Win2K3.stardotcafe.com)
This will output the results to a text file in the C: called dcdiaglog.txt. Open the file and ensure there are no errors.

You should see output like the following:
 C:\Program Files\Support Tools>dcdiag /f:c:\dcdiaglog.txt /s:Win2K3.stardotcafe.com

Domain Controller Diagnosis
Performing initial setup:
   Done gathering initial info.

Doing initial required tests
 
   Testing server: Default-First-Site\WIN2K3
      Starting test: Connectivity
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test Connectivity

Doing primary tests
 
   Testing server: Default-First-Site\WIN2K3
      Starting test: Replications
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test Replications
      Starting test: NCSecDesc
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test NCSecDesc
      Starting test: NetLogons
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test NetLogons
      Starting test: Advertising
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test Advertising
      Starting test: KnowsOfRoleHolders
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test KnowsOfRoleHolders
      Starting test: RidManager
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test RidManager
      Starting test: MachineAccount
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test MachineAccount
      Starting test: Services
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test Services
      Starting test: ObjectsReplicated
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test ObjectsReplicated
      Starting test: frssysvol
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test frssysvol
      Starting test: frsevent
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test frsevent
      Starting test: kccevent
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test kccevent
      Starting test: systemlog
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test systemlog
      Starting test: VerifyReferences
         ......................... WIN2K3 passed test VerifyReferences
 
   Running partition tests on : TAPI3Directory
      Starting test: CrossRefValidation
         ......................... TAPI3Directory passed test CrossRefValidation
      Starting test: CheckSDRefDom
         ......................... TAPI3Directory passed test CheckSDRefDom
 
   Running partition tests on : ForestDnsZones
      Starting test: CrossRefValidation
         ......................... ForestDnsZones passed test CrossRefValidation
      Starting test: CheckSDRefDom
         ......................... ForestDnsZones passed test CheckSDRefDom
 
   Running partition tests on : DomainDnsZones
      Starting test: CrossRefValidation
         ......................... DomainDnsZones passed test CrossRefValidation
      Starting test: CheckSDRefDom
         ......................... DomainDnsZones passed test CheckSDRefDom
 
   Running partition tests on : Schema
      Starting test: CrossRefValidation
         ......................... Schema passed test CrossRefValidation
      Starting test: CheckSDRefDom
         ......................... Schema passed test CheckSDRefDom
 
   Running partition tests on : Configuration
      Starting test: CrossRefValidation
         ......................... Configuration passed test CrossRefValidation
      Starting test: CheckSDRefDom
         ......................... Configuration passed test CheckSDRefDom
 
   Running partition tests on : stardotcafe
      Starting test: CrossRefValidation
         ......................... stardotcafe passed test CrossRefValidation
      Starting test: CheckSDRefDom
         ......................... stardotcafe passed test CheckSDRefDom
 
   Running enterprise tests on : stardotcafe.com
      Starting test: Intersite
         ......................... stardotcafe.com passed test Intersite
      Starting test: FsmoCheck
         ......................... stardotcafe.com passed test FsmoCheck


So long as you have no errors move back to the deployment tools and check the 4th box.


Next move back to the command prompt and enter the command below and press enter:

Netdiag >c:\netdiaglog.txt

The command will take a short while to execute. Once complete view the log file in the C:




....................................

    Computer Name: EXCH2K3
    DNS Host Name: exch2k3.stardotcafe.com
    System info : Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 (Build 3790)
    Processor : x86 Family 6 Model 15 Stepping 6, GenuineIntel
    List of installed hotfixes :
        KB923561
        KB924667-v2
        KB925398_WMP64
        KB925902-v2
        KB926122
        KB927891
        KB929123
        KB930178
        KB932168
        KB933854
        KB936357
        KB938127
        KB941569
        KB942830
        KB942831
        KB943055
        KB943460
        KB944338-v2
        KB944653
        KB945553
        KB946026
        KB948496
        KB950762
        KB950974
        KB951066
        KB951748
        KB952004
        KB952069
        KB952954
        KB953298
        KB954155
        KB955069
        KB955759
        KB956572
        KB956802
        KB956803
        KB956844
        KB957097
        KB958469
        KB958644
        KB958687
        KB958869
        KB959426
        KB960225
        KB960803
        KB960859
        KB961371-v2
        KB961501
        KB967715
        KB967723
        KB968389
        KB968816
        KB969059
        KB969947
        KB970238
        KB970430
        KB970483
        KB971032
        KB971486
        KB971557
        KB971633
        KB971657
        KB971737
        KB971961
        KB971961-IE8
        KB973354
        KB973507
        KB973525
        KB973540
        KB973687
        KB973815
        KB973869
        KB973904
        KB973917
        KB974112
        KB974318
        KB974392
        KB974571
        KB975025
        KB975364-IE8
        KB975467
        KB976098-v2
        KB976325
        KB976325-IE8
        Q147222


Netcard queries test . . . . . . . : Passed



Per interface results:

    Adapter : Local Area Connection 2

        Netcard queries test . . . : Passed

        Host Name. . . . . . . . . : exch2k3
        IP Address . . . . . . . . : 10.0.1.2
        Subnet Mask. . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
        Default Gateway. . . . . . : 10.0.2.2
        Dns Servers. . . . . . . . : 10.0.1.1
                                     68.94.156.1

        IpConfig results . . . . . : Failed

            [WARNING] Your default gateway is not on the same subnet as your IP address.

        AutoConfiguration results. . . . . . : Passed

        Default gateway test . . . : Passed

        NetBT name test. . . . . . : Passed
        [WARNING] At least one of the <00> 'WorkStation Service', <03> 'Messenger Service', <20> 'WINS' names is missing.

        WINS service test. . . . . : Skipped
            There are no WINS servers configured for this interface.

    Adapter : Local Area Connection

        Netcard queries test . . . : Passed

        Host Name. . . . . . . . . : exch2k3
        IP Address . . . . . . . . : 10.0.2.6
        Subnet Mask. . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
        Default Gateway. . . . . . : 10.0.2.2
        Dns Servers. . . . . . . . : 10.0.2.5
                                     68.94.156.1


        AutoConfiguration results. . . . . . : Passed

        Default gateway test . . . : Passed

        NetBT name test. . . . . . : Passed
        [WARNING] At least one of the <00> 'WorkStation Service', <03> 'Messenger Service', <20> 'WINS' names is missing.
            No remote names have been found.

        WINS service test. . . . . : Skipped
            There are no WINS servers configured for this interface.


Global results:


Domain membership test . . . . . . : Passed


NetBT transports test. . . . . . . : Passed
    List of NetBt transports currently configured:
        NetBT_Tcpip_{B44011CE-955E-4EBF-A3F6-48165D15F773}
        NetBT_Tcpip_{BA88752D-970E-4FF3-9575-B48C4983D17F}
    2 NetBt transports currently configured.


Autonet address test . . . . . . . : Passed


IP loopback ping test. . . . . . . : Passed


Default gateway test . . . . . . . : Passed


NetBT name test. . . . . . . . . . : Passed
    [WARNING] You don't have a single interface with the <00> 'WorkStation Service', <03> 'Messenger Service', <20> 'WINS' names defined.


Winsock test . . . . . . . . . . . : Passed


DNS test . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Passed


Redir and Browser test . . . . . . : Passed
    List of NetBt transports currently bound to the Redir
        NetBT_Tcpip_{B44011CE-955E-4EBF-A3F6-48165D15F773}
        NetBT_Tcpip_{BA88752D-970E-4FF3-9575-B48C4983D17F}
    The redir is bound to 2 NetBt transports.

    List of NetBt transports currently bound to the browser
        NetBT_Tcpip_{BA88752D-970E-4FF3-9575-B48C4983D17F}
        NetBT_Tcpip_{B44011CE-955E-4EBF-A3F6-48165D15F773}
    The browser is bound to 2 NetBt transports.


DC discovery test. . . . . . . . . : Passed


DC list test . . . . . . . . . . . : Passed


Trust relationship test. . . . . . : Passed
    Secure channel for domain 'STARDOTCAFE' is to '\\win2k3.stardotcafe.com'.


Kerberos test. . . . . . . . . . . : Skipped


LDAP test. . . . . . . . . . . . . : Passed
    [WARNING] You are logged on as a local user. (EXCH2K3\Administrator)
        Cannot test NTLM Authentication to 'win2k3.stardotcafe.com'.


Bindings test. . . . . . . . . . . : Passed


WAN configuration test . . . . . . : Skipped
    No active remote access connections.


Modem diagnostics test . . . . . . : Passed

IP Security test . . . . . . . . . : Skipped

    Note: run "netsh ipsec dynamic show /?" for more detailed information


The command completed successfully

The text file should like the above output. You should get no errors. (I have errors for Default gateway because this is an isolated test system)


So long as you have no errors move back to the deployment tools and check the 5th box.

The next step is to run Forest prep. This must be run by a user with Schema administrator permissions. Forest Prep will extend the AD Schema with the new classes and attributes that Exchange 2003 requires to operate.
To proceed enter the path to the install CD in the box provided and click "Run ForestPrep now"
If prompted about an incompatibility then select the checkbox to ignore the warning in the future and click “Continue”
The Warning occurs because Exchange 2003 RTM needs upgrading to SP2 which we will install later.
Once the install opens click “Next”
Agree to the license and click “Next”

Note that only ForestPrep will be performed and that files will go in the default location C:\Program Files\Exchsrvr (this can be changed if required to place files on an Application drive)
Click “Next”

Select the account to be the first Exchange Full Administrator. The default is the account you are logged in as. If you are only logging in as a special schema admin account then you should select an account that will be used to admin Exchange. I will leave the default in place of Administrator.

Click “Next”
ForestPrep is a fairly slow process that could take around 30mins on a slow network. You will see several screens like the one below
Once the process is complete click Finish
Next move back to the deployment tools and check the box on the 6th step
Now move onto the Domain Prep. This will need to be performed in the root domain and any others which will hold Exchange mailboxes. Personally it is simplest to run it in all domains in the forest.
In a simple single domain forest proceed as follows:
Enter the path to the Install files where requested and click “Run DomainPrep now”.
On the welcome page click “Next”
Accept the licence and click “Next”
Again note that only DomainPrep will be carried out and that you can change the file location if you want (Only change it if you changed the location for ForestPrep too)
Click “Next”
Early in the process you will likely be warned that your domain is insecure for mail-enabled groups with hidden DL membership. Anyone in the Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access group can view this membership. So long as you are not using the group for a valid reason remove the default membership of Authenticated users to remove the problem.
Click "OK"
The DomainPrep is quick and shows the screen below whilst running
Once complete click Finish
Move back to the deployment tools and check the box of the 7th step.
You are now finally ready to install Exchange.
Move onto step 8. Again enter the path to the install files and click “Run Setup Now”
On the welcome page click “Next”
Accept the licence and click “Next”
This time check the install options carefully. You can choose which components to install. Generally the defaults are fine and that is what we shall stick with. Note also, that you can change the file location. Again you should do this if you changed the location for forest and domain prep.
Once you are happy with your selections, click “Next"
As there is no Exchange org setup currently select to create one and click “Next”
Name the org and click “Next”
Agree to the licence and click “Next”
Verify your choices and click “Next”
The installation will progress
When complete click Finish
Now return to the deployment tools and check the box next to step 8.
Click “Next” on the deployment tools bottom right hand corner
The next page runs through the steps again for other Exchange servers.
For now we will not install another server so again click “Next” on the deployment tools bottom right hand corner.
Congratulations you have just installed Exchange!

Sunday, December 20, 2009

Presentation Summary “High Performance at Massive Scale: Lessons Learned at Facebook” « Idle Process

Facebook Infrastucture / Site Architecture

Site Statistics:
  • Facebook is the #2 property on the Internet as measured by the time users spend on the site.
  • Over 200 billion monthly page views.
  • >3.9 trillion feed actions proceessed per day.
  • Over 15,000 websites use Facebook content
  • In 2004, the shape of the curve plotting user population as a function of time showed exponential growth to 2M users. 5 years later they have stayed on the same exponetial curve with >300M users.
  • Facebook is a global site, with 70% of users are outside of the US.


Presentation Summary “High Performance at Massive Scale: Lessons Learned at Facebook” « Idle Process